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Lung Kwu Tan:
Container Port
Pok Fu Lam - Route 7
Pok Fu Lam: Route 4

Tai O - Zuhai Bridge
North West Lantau:

Zuhai /Macau Bridge

Container Port

Central-Victoria Harbour
Victoria Harbour

| Tsing Yi: Only remaining natural shoreline

Penny's Bay: Disneyland
Tsing Lung Tau: Route 10

Sham Shui Kok:
North Lantau development

Ngau Hom Shek:
Shenzhen Wetern corridor
| Angler's Beach: Sham Tseng Development

Tseung Kwan O - West Costal RoadLei Yue Mun: Tseung Kwan O - West Coastal Raod

Hei Ling Chau:
Hei Ling Chaun Prison Prison

Southern Lantau:

Sha Chau:
Airport Fuel facility

Chi Ma Wan peninsula:
Pui O:
CLP power route

Kai Tak reclaimation
Yung Shue Wan
Kai Tak reclaimation Hoi Sham Park

Shorelines: Hong Kong’s Hidden Heritage

To order your own copy of "Shorelines: Hong Kong's Hidden Heritage" (HK$100) - please write to us at info@sos.org.hk

Hong Kong’s shorelines form a critical part of our social, cultural and economic heritage but neglect and misuse are putting our shorelines in jeopardy. We need a single, coherent and comprehensive policy to optimise shoreline use and a Shoreline Authority to manage and apply the policy.

Hong Kong’s shoreline waterscape is at the core of the community’s culture and heritage. The shorescape is critical to the community’s psychological wellbeing. There is no coherent government strategy, nor cross-bureau coordination on shoreline use. Piecemeal development has inflicted significant damage. Environmentally insensitive development has inflicted damage. Reclamation policies have alienated many shorelines from the community. However, no “one size fits all” approach can work

Shorelines at Risk (2005) - (click on map at right to zoom)

The Price of Neglect. In the past there has been insensitive development: scale is inappropriate; materials are inappropriate. Reclamation has separated communities from the water. Low value and sub-optimal waterfront use is widespread – motor repair workshops, Public Cargo Working areas, etc.. Sensitive areas have been polluted. Natural coastlines have been damaged. Dynamic community uses of the shoreline have been lost. Hong Kong’s marine environment has been degraded

Access is key. It is not just damage and pollution that has caused harm: the shoreline has been “sterilised”. Access to and access along the shoreline is needed. We need nodes, pathways, and water-taxis. We must stimulate vitality by commercial as well as recreational access. E.g. A Sunset Coast: a continuous pedestrian route from Aberdeen to Central

Proposed Shoreline Use Map

Transport and Trade
Industrial and Commercial
Leisure and Recreation
Natural shorelines
Protected shorelines

(click on map to zoom)

The nature of shoreline use. Scale must be appropriate. Needs to be “people-friendly” where possible. Should combine activity and tranquility

A Shoreline Authority? At present, no coordination or consistency – and no single point of responsibility. We need comprehensive policy guidelines. It is not just a matter of Victoria harbour. Policy should apply to inter-tidal and marine shore. Community input and consultation is essential. Only an empowered Shoreline Authority could achieve this: Sydney; Baltimore; Boston; Singapore; Zhuhai all have lovely, well managed shorelines.


Shorelines are a key part of our social, cultural and economic heritage. But neglect and misuse are putting our shorelines in jeopardy. We need a single, coherent and comprehensive policy to optimise shoreline use. And a Shoreline Authority to manage and apply the policy. Shorelines are intrinsically local – local communities need to feel they own their shoreline.